What composition do we have as sentence in English?

In daily conversation, we come across compositions, sentences we even don’t know the nature of. Let’s discover together the kind of pattern we can classify as a sentence in English…


They are often used to express emotions, feelings of surprise, amazement… We can distinguish two kinds of exclamation:

a- Interjections.

They are formed by one or two words!

Aha! Hey! Jesus! Good Lord!

b -Exclamatory sentences.

These are whole sentences expressing the emotions, as said before.

How interesting Erudyx website is!

Our team is so lovely!

PS: In the case of a written conversation, we should always have an exclamation mark at the end of the exclamations!

2-Declarative sentences.

They are used to convey information and can be either affirmative or negative.

Afi has gone to school.

I’m not moving today.

3-Imperative sentences.

Imperatives range from severe commands to humble requests according to the circumstances. In audio dialogue, the sentence’s tone is the key to know the exact meaning of the latter. We can also look for the term « Please » to know the exact type of imperative.

Close the window. (Command)
Close the window, please. (Request)

4-Interrogative sentences.

These ones are called questions and are usually articulated when we want information. They are split into three groups:

a- Yes or No Questions.

They just require a « Yes » or a « No » as answer. They are often articulated with auxiliaries.

Are you at school? Yes.

Have you been to the hospital? No.

b) Rhetorical questions.

They do not require any answer at all and are purely asked for effect. Rhetorical questions are usually asked in an anger state.

Do you know what you’ve just done??

Do you think I don’t know the plan you’re making??

c- Information questions.

They are formulated with question words like when, where, who, why… They are also called the Wh-Questions.

Where have you been since??

Who is the owner of this car?

Ps: Interrogative sentences always end with a question mark(?).

Hope this lecture helps you?!!! Like, comment and share????. See you on the next course…

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